Movement disorders influence the person’s speed and quality of their movement. Ultimately, these are neurological conditions that interfere with the person’s ability to move properly and easily. Dyskinesia, the irregular fluency or speed of movement, may also include involuntary or too frequent movements (hyperkinesia) or sluggish or delayed voluntary movements (hypokinesia).
The following is a list of movement disorders:
- Ataxia – jerky movements resulting from lack of coordination
- Dystonia – extended muscle contractions causing unwanted movements, often including spasmodic torticollis, which influences head, face, and neck muscles, and blepharospasm, which produces unwanted eyelid closing
- Huntington’s disease – genetic condition where nerve cells break down in the brain
- Multiple system atrophies – rare neurological disorder that impairs your body’s involuntary (autonomic) functions, including blood pressure, heart rate, bladder function and digestion (ex. Shy-Drager Syndrome)
- Myoclonus – short, frequent, irregular movements
- Parkinson’s disease – central nervous system disorder that causes tremors
- Progressive supranuclear palsy – rare condition that affects balance and purposeful movement
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS) and Reflex sympathetic dystrophy/periodic limb movement disorder (RSD/PLMD) – throbbing, pulling, creeping, or other unpleasant sensations in the legs and an uncontrollable urge to move them
- Tics – repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations
- Tourette’s syndrome – Genetic disorder with various movement and vocal tics (frequent muscle contractions). The symptoms often progress during childhood/adolescence and may come along with behavioral problems such as ADHD, obsessions, and compulsions can develop. Symptoms differ in severity.
- Tremors – unintentional, rhythmic muscle movements (ex. resting tremor)
- Wilson disease – genetic disorder with neurological as well as psychiatric symptoms, and liver disease
At Integrated Neurology Services, we provide extensive treatment options to help patients with different movement disorders get the care they need and deserve. If you are in the Northern Virginia area, call us today to schedule an appointment. Help is only a phone call or click away.